T-shirts are widely worn all over the world, they come in various shapes and sizes, material, as well as designs. They are comfort clothing which is easy to wear and maintain. The uniqueness of T-shirts is its design and printing.
And there are basically 5 methods of T-Shirt printing:
· Direct to Garment
This method involves direct printing into the cloth. The ink goes into the fibre and you cannot feel the printing on the garment.
Pros – wide-ranging colour options, designs can be modified, lesser steps involved in t-shirt printing, the garment doesn’t feel heavy.
Cons – works well mostly on white t-shirts, cost effective only for a small batch, design placement will be an issue.
· Heat Press/INKJET/LASER Transfers
Using a computer, special transparent ink is printed on a special kind of paper, and then heat is used as an adherent to transfer the ink and paper onto the cloth. This process basically transfers an image from a surface to another.
Pros – the process is quite simple, a superior technique for full-color printing, good quality, easy execution of intricate designs.
Cons – time taking process, fabric limitation- technique cannot be used for all kinds of fabrics, cannot be used on high-temperature sensitive fabrics, the designs crack after multiple washes, the weight of the garment increases tremendously.
This technique doesn’t require any printing rather machines are used to stitch designs onto the fabric. This technique is usually used for formal wears.
Pros – looks formal, long lasting design.
Cons – designs or logos may not be accurate, small designs look shabby.
· CAD Cut Vinyl
Special machines are used to cut high-quality vinyl paper into a design. Heat is then applied as an adherent to stick these designs onto the garment. This technique although is known as a printing technique but no printing is involved.
Pros – bold and exciting colour images can be incorporated, durable, high-quality printing, easily customizable.
Cons – not suitable for larger size t-shirts as the garment becomes bulky, suitable only for small batches, not suitable for complex designs.
This technique is the most common and widely used method. This method basically transfers a layer of colour on the garment through a screen. This technique was developed in China and then spread across the world.
Pros – cost effective, simple, durable, easy printing of multiple colours.
Cons – makes the garment heavy, limited resolution, too many steps involved.